Example of an Assessment Report

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Cobob Pumps & Services
53209 Range Road 13
Parkland County
Alberta
T7Y 0C1
www.cobob.ca
780-963-3571

Septic & Water Assessment

Sample Customer Name

#79 – 55555 Range Road 555

Cobob Pumps & Services Technicians have been serving Alberta since 1978.

Welcome to the Family

First of all, we would like to thank you for choosing Cobob Pumps & Services to assess the water & sewer services for your new home. We have been earning our customers business since 1978 and look forward to earning yours. With 45 years in the business, we have the experience to recognize when a problem exists and can often read the signs that tell us when problems have existed in the past. Our extensive selection of tools helps us to confirm our suspicions and help you to avoid costly repairs. Our customers have come to rely on Cobob Pumps & Services 24 hours a day 365 days a year. We offer a selection of service programs as well as emergency after-hours service to make living in the country a breeze. 

      This report contains a lot of general information about septic systems and water systems. The information specific to your home will be displayed as follows.

Heading Title: Address Here

Information specific to your home’s systems will be displayed like this. 

Anything that may require attention will be displayed in red so you don’t miss it.

Septic Systems

   As many of our customers are new to country living, we will start this section with an overview of the types of septic systems that exist and how they work. Unlike in urban municipalities when you move to the country you are often in charge of your own wastewater treatment and discharge. For people new to country living this can seem like an overwhelming responsibility, don’t worry we’re here to help. There are several types of septic systems that are common to Alberta and they are the following,

Septic System Types

Holding Tank

Septic Tank & Field

Septic Tank & Mound

Septic Tank & Leach Pond

Septic Tank & Open Discharge

Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant

Septic Tank & Sand Filter

Septic Tank & Low Pressure main

Holding Tank

A holding tank is the simplest of all the septic systems. The sewer drain line from the house drains to the holding tank and when it is full an alarm will sound, you then call a vacuum truck to empty it.

The vacuum truck then empties the tank and you start the process over again. Homes that are on a holding tank will generally have to have the tank pumped out at least once per month. It really depends on the number of people living in the house. The cost to have the tank vacuumed out varies from area to area and should be confirmed prior to making an offer on the home.

Septic Tank

A septic tank is normally located close to the home and typically in the backyard. The lid or lids will either be green plastic or concrete. Some septic tanks have two lids and some have only one. If your home has more than two lids you’re likely looking at an advanced wastewater treatment plant and not a septic tank, we’ll cover these in a later section.

Regardless if your septic tank has one lid or two the tanks are all very similar and provide the same function the only real differences are who manufactured the tank and how big it is. A septic tank is one tank with two sections and is divided into a settling chamber and a discharge or dose chamber. In a two-lid tank, you have one lid for each chamber and in a single-lid tank, you will have one lid that leads down to the crossover that divides the settling chamber from the dose chamber thereby giving access to both chambers with a single lid.

The sewage in a rural home leaves the house in the same way it does in urban municipalities, through a sewer drain line. That sewer drain line is connected to the septic tank’s settling chamber.

Typically on the end of the sewer drain line is a 4” T, this is in place to slow the sewage down as it enters the tank. Once the sewage is in the settling chamber it begins the process of turning into septic effluent. The sewage will slowly settle into three distinct layers. The top layer is called the scum layer, this is a heavy layer that can form into a crust. The bottom layer is called the sludge layer and is made up of heavy materials that settle to the bottom. The center layer slowly turns into a clear liquid we refer to as septic effluent.

In the wall that separates the settling chamber from the dose chamber is typically a 4” cross-over pipe. This is similar in many ways to a snorkel but instead of being pointed up it’s pointed down and extends 12 – 24” down beside the wall in the settling chamber. In this way, the septic effluent “Middle Layer” can gain access to the dose chamber but the Scum layer and Sludge layer cannot make their way into the dose chamber. When a toilet is flushed in the house, the level in the septic tank rises and some of the septic effluent makes its way into the dose chamber. Septic tanks should be vacuumed out once every 1 – 3 years to thin the mix and keep your field free from sludge buildup.

Once in the dose chamber, the effluent can leave the tank in one of two ways. The first is through a bell & siphon. This is an old technology and has no moving parts and when it works, is an absolutely fantastic system. The triangle-shaped bell holds a bubble of air and as the effluent level rises in the tank the bubble wants to leave but the only way out is through the bell & siphon and out the discharge line. The pressure in the line builds as the effluent in the chamber rises until finally, it reaches a point where the bubble will round the top corners and the bottom corners and go out the discharge line. This starts something called a siphon and the effluent then leaves the tank to the level where once again the bell is “re-loaded” with air starting the process over again.

The second way that effluent can leave the dose chamber is through a pump. The pump may or may not be inside a basket or filter. In 2009 the Municipal Government created a new Standard of Practice for licensed sewer installers in Alberta. With this introduced the necessity to filter the effluent before it leaves the dose chamber. This makes it impossible to use a bell and siphon on a new system as there is no way to filter the effluent as it leaves the tank. On systems older than 2009, you may or may not find a filter, many were added to older tanks to prevent clogged pumps. As the tank ages small rocks can begin to fall out of the concrete and these are just the perfect size to clog a pump. The basket filter helps prevent this from happening.

The pump makes use of a float switch and as the effluent level in the tank rises the float switch floats into the up position, closing a microswitch in the float and allowing electricity to flow to the pump. As the pump runs the level of effluent drops until the floats microswitch is turned off and electricity is no longer able to flow to the pump. In the case that the pump is not working and the effluent continues to rise many systems have an alarm. The alarm makes use of a float switch as well but instead of turning on a pump, it turns on a sound or light to notify you that the level in the tank is high and you should stop using water until a service technician has made repairs to your pump. The float for the alarm is generally located at a level above the pump float and is triggered if the pump float fails to engage the pump or for some reason, the effluent is not leaving the tank.

The discharge line from the pump goes up into the riser and turns 90 degrees, this area is called the crossover pipe. The crossover pipe then turns once again 90 degrees heading down into the septic tank once again finally turning 90 degrees and leaving the tank. This last 90 degree turn is called the discharge elbow. This is to facilitate replacing the pump, if the line did not come up into the riser a service technician would have to enter the tank to replace the pump, this is dangerous and expensive. The riser in the diagram is only short perhaps only two feet or so, however here in Alberta where we have deep basements these risers can often be over 10 feet tall. To be sure that the discharge line does not freeze up in the riser during winter, a hole is drilled in the 90-degree bend at the bottom where the discharge line leaves the septic tank. This will spray effluent back into the tank while the pump is running and when the pump turns off the line will drain through the drain back hole emptying the line and preventing it from freezing in winter months.

The Septic Field

Septic fields are one of the most common types of final treatment for septic effluent in Alberta. Once the septic effluent leaves the septic tank it travels through the discharge line and into the septic field. There are only a couple of variations of the septic field, they are either gravity-fed or pressure-distributed. In a gravity-fed situation, the effluent enters a distribution box and is equally distributed to a number of laterals that are downhill.

The pressure version of this does not make use of the distribution box and instead uses pipes running down the header and into each lateral then down the length of the laterals. These pipes have small holes in them and in this way, the effluent is spread equally over the entire field. The pressure-distributed field is similar to an underground sprinkler system. The laterals can be made in two ways the first is pipe and stone and this would be considered old school and few fields are made this way now. The pipe is laid on top of a bed of washed rock and then some geotextile is added on top of that then the lateral is buried.

The second type of lateral is made using infiltrator chambers (Pictured Above). These are half pipes that are four feet long and click together to create a void under the soil. Once they are installed geotextile cloth is put over the top and they are buried. The most common size of the field is generally twenty to thirty feet wide and between seventy and one hundred feet long. Most fields will fall into that size. If the field was built in the last ten years or so there will be some surface infrastructure such as clean-outs and inspection ports. If the field was built before 2009 it may not have any surface infrastructure making it difficult to locate and work on.

The Septic Mound

A septic mound is very similar to a septic field however the soil used to build a septic mound is all brought to the site, whereas a field is built in the soil that is already on site. Mounds are more noticeable as they look like a large mound of earth in the yard. Normally a mound is installed when a field cannot be. If the soil is too saturated or too high in clay one option is to install a mound. The mound also makes use of pipe and stone or the infiltrator system just like the septic field. As well older ones may have no surface infrastructure and newer ones will have pipes that come to the surface so they can be serviced.

The Leach Pond

The leach pond was common in the 70’s and early 80’s in Alberta but was done away with due to its potential to cause groundwater contamination. There are plenty of rumors circulating that involve an old farmer burying a bus, filling it with gravel, and having the septic go into the void for years with no trouble. The reality is a little less interesting, A leach pond is similar to a holding tank with no bottom, it was then buried with washed rock and the septic effluent would slowly drain away into the surrounding soil. The issue is that many of them went down as far as ten feet into the soil and were too close to groundwater to be safe. Although there are a few of these remaining as they failed quickly in most cases, most of them have been replaced.

The Open Discharge

The open discharge is true to its name, the effluent leaves the septic tank and is pushed out to the surface by a pump or a bell & siphon. Many farms and large estates operate like this and you should only find this type of system on an estate that has in excess of 10 acres. The separation distances for an open discharge are 300 feet from a property line, 150 feet from a building, and 165 feet from a water well. With that in mind, you would have a tough time legally having an open discharge on anything smaller than ten acres. The property size for a ten-acre lot would be 660 feet by 660 feet so once you put your home on the lot you run out of space for seperation distances quickly.

The Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant

This is a rather new addition to wastewater treatment and has only been in Alberta for approximately: 25 years or so in any great number. Because this is new we witnessed a great variety of these being installed by different manufacturers in the beginning however as time went by many of the earlier versions and manufacturers disappeared. Most of what we see installed today is tried and true. Installing an advanced wastewater treatment plant is not cheap and maintaining a system like this also comes at a cost. An advanced wastewater treatment plant has more moving parts than a conventional septic system so maintenance is key. People who install these systems are normally looking to develop land with a smaller footprint. If you’re building in a forested area and you wish to keep your forest an advanced wastewater treatment plant paired with an at-grade septic field can work seamlessly with the environment. The treatment plant treats the effluent to a much higher level than a conventional septic system and because of this, an at-grade septic field can be installed. The at-grade field system is a pressurized septic field that is built on the surface and covered with infiltrators and wood chips instead of dirt. It can be built to weave around trees and through a forest. It feeds the trees and keeps the forest healthy with wastewater rich in nutrients. This is likely the future of wastewater treatment in Alberta and a great option.

The Septic Sand Filter

A septic sand filter is an early version of an advanced wastewater treatment plant. Although they are still legal to install most designers and installers are using package sewage treatment plants instead because of cost and control over the final product. Sand filters use a septic tank discharging to a small tank at the sand filter. The Sand filter then has a pressure-distributed sprinkler system within a sand bed that treats the septic effluent. These are rare, have a lot of moving parts, and are difficult to repair once they fail due to their custom designs.

The Pressurized Main

Municipalities have been decreasing lot sizes for country estates making it difficult to install private sewage systems that treat the effluent on site. With the only other option being holding tanks many counties cringe at the idea of all those heavy vacuum trucks destroying their hard-won paved roads. So communities have gotten together and created the low-pressure main or communal system. Each residence has a septic tank that discharges to a pressurized main under the road. The pressurized main moves the septic effluent to a large communal lagoon or dumps into the city’s municipal system. In these systems, it’s important to make sure the home you’re buying has a backflow preventer. Normally outside of town, a backflow preventer won’t do you very much good as you are the only one producing wastewater. In the case of a communal system if your check valve fails in your septic system the main can begin to push all your neighbor’s effluent into your tank. The main is pressurized and can have as much as 20 psi in the line so if your check valve breaks your tank becomes the path of least resistance for an entire neighborhood. Once your alarm comes on a visit from the county’s public works department will be required. They can turn off your CC at the curb stopping the flow of effluent back into your tank and then a vacuum truck is needed to empty the tank so repairs can be made. These systems require yearly maintenance and should be vacuumed out on an annual basis.

The Septic System at #79 – 55555 Range Road 555 

The septic system for this home is a conventional tank and mound. The tank is located behind the home to the east and the mound is located to the east of that near the shed.

Tank: The tank appears to be the original tank of the home, with the home only being 15 years old this is not uncommon. Tanks generally come with a manufacturer’s warranty that is between 20 and 25 years in Alberta. The tank for this home is working as it was originally intended and the condition of the concrete is still fair with no major degradation to the concrete noted at the time of assessment.

Sludge & Scum: The sludge and scum levels in this septic system are within normal operating levels for this size of septic tank. The sludge accumulation at the time of assessment was 2.5” and the scum was less than 1”. This indicates that the system has been serviced properly and that cleaning products as well as other chemicals entering the system are not inhibiting the bacterial operation.

Tank Lids: The lid to the septic tank is in fair condition and likely original to the tank. The lid was fitted properly at the time of assessment with no visible cracks or major visible deterioration at the time of assessment. The Alberta Municipal Government has implemented changes to the code for new septic systems that the manholes should be fitted with an internal fall arrest system to prevent individuals from falling into the tank should the lids fail. Although it is not a requirement for older systems this device is an easy installation and one we recommend to all our clients to ensure an increased level of safety.

Pump: The pump is a 120-volt AC conventional septic effluent pump. When triggering the float the pump discharged effluent to the mound. The amperage of the pump was 14 Amps at startup and 10 Amps once under load and pumping. This is within normal operating ranges for septic effluent pumps and indicates that the pump was in good repair at the time of assessment. 

Filter: No filter is installed in this system which was very normal for the age of the installation.

Drain Back: The small drain back hole was noted in the discharge elbow that leads to the septic mound and once the pump had finished discharging the line drained back to the tank through the drain back hole. This hole can become plugged over time and it is important to make sure, through a yearly service, that this drainback hole is operational. If the drainback hole becomes plugged the line to the septic field will remain full of effluent and can freeze during the winter months.

Electrical: The electrical for this septic system is a conventional electrical receptacle mounted on a post next to the effluent lid of the septic tank. The receptacle is a non-GFI receptacle and has no protection from the elements. Protection should be added to ensure that the receptacle does not become corroded and fail. Consult with an electrician to ensure that your electrical connections for the pump will both meet the code and provide uninterrupted service.

Alarm: No alarm is installed in this septic system and one should be added. In 2009 the requirement to have an alarm in a septic system was added to the municipal code. As this home was built just before that requirement no alarm was installed. Adding one can not only give you advanced warning should your septic system fail or require service to equipment but in many cases having an alarm can greatly affect a homeowners insurance policy. Be sure to consult with your insurance provider to ensure that you are meeting their requirements regarding septic systems and water damage. We recommend that you install a septic high-level alarm in this system. 

Mound: No areas of surface discharge or saturated ground were identified at the time of assessment. The grass coverage and grass type were consistent over the entire mound. No access ports were accessible at the time of assessment. They were either covered or not installed. Some homeowners bury the access ports and in other cases, no access was installed. Access ports can make repairing/servicing the mound in the future less invasive. This mound is working as it was originally intended.

The Mound

A septic mound is very similar to a septic field however the soil used to build a septic mound is all brought to the site whereas a field is built in the soil that is already on site. Mounds are more noticeable as they look like a large mound of earth in the yard.

The Tank

A septic tank is normally located close to the home and typically in the backyard. The lid or lids will either be green plastic or concrete. Some septic tanks have two lids and some have only one.

The following image is a 360 image that we collect when on site to assess the condition of the tank however this image is not included in the report as PDF does not support 360 images yet. Instead a link is provided to the hosted 360 degree photo.

Use your mouse to manipulate the photo below

Water Systems

With water there are really only three systems we normally see, the first is a water well, the second is a cistern and the final is a municipal “hook up” AKA municipal water. We will go over each of these in detail below.

The Water Well

The water wells we see in Alberta are generally divided into two categories, bored water wells and drilled water wells. A bored well is a larger casing water well as small as 16 inches and as big as 48 inches. These can provide a lot of volume and are common on farms and ranches. The larger casing allows the water well to hold more water in the casing giving access to higher volumes for a short burst such as watering livestock. The larger size of the casing is more expensive and so generally these types of water wells are not as deep as drilled water wells. Drilled water wells in Alberta are commonly between 40 and 500 feet deep, it depends on where the well is located. The water well has a surface casing of PVC, Steel, or Galvanized Steel and this extends down to the location of the pump. Below the pump are perforations or screens depending on the aquifer’s structures and the driller’s design. The pump in most water wells that are deeper than 100 feet is located in the water well and can be down several hundred feet. Never try to change a water well pump by yourself, it can be dangerous and damage to the water well can be very expensive to repair.

The Cistern

The cistern is a close cousin to the holding tank. You call a water truck and they come and fill it up and when your alarm comes on you schedule the water truck to come back and fill the tank once again. The nice thing about a cistern is that the water is normally from a treated source so water quality is usually fairly good. A cistern should be cleaned annually to ensure that the water held in the cistern is not contaminated. Talking with the water hauler that is currently hauling the water is often a good source of information when looking into the cistern size and how often it needs to be filled. The usage is also similar to a holding tank in that it will depend greatly on how many people are in the household.

Municipal Water

These are rather new and have been becoming more popular as developers can make smaller lot sizes and municipalities are requiring the developer to provide the municipal hook-up. The water that is provided by municipal water line is tested and maintained by the municipality and you would get a water bill similar to living in a town or city.

Types of Water Conditioning Systems

In homes, various water conditioning systems cater to different needs, ensuring the purity and quality of your water supply:

Water Softeners:

Purpose: Water softeners are designed to remove minerals like calcium and magnesium ions, which cause hardness in water. They use ion exchange technology to replace these ions with sodium or potassium ions, resulting in softer water that prevents scale buildup in pipes and appliances.

Iron Filters:

Purpose: Iron filters are specialized systems that target and remove iron and manganese from water. They employ oxidation or filtration methods to eliminate iron, preventing staining and improving water taste and clarity.

Reverse Osmosis Systems:

Purpose: Reverse osmosis systems use a semi-permeable membrane to remove contaminants, particles, and dissolved solids from water. They provide highly purified drinking water by filtering out impurities such as lead, arsenic, and other pollutants.

Distillers:

Purpose: Distillers purify water by heating it to create steam, which is then condensed back into liquid form. This process effectively removes contaminants, minerals, and impurities, producing clean and distilled water.

Important Discharge Considerations:

Despite their distinct methods of water purification, all these conditioning systems often require periodic backwashing or maintenance procedures to maintain efficiency. However, it’s essential to note that discharging the backwash from these systems into a home’s septic system can have adverse effects.

Concerns with Septic System Discharge:

  • System Overload: Backwash containing concentrated minerals and impurities can overload the septic system, leading to potential failure or reduced effectiveness.
  • Soil Degredation. Iron backwash is especially difficult on soils and can cause the soil to “Lock Up” causing a septic field to fail. The sodium in the softener backwash can reduce the amount of good bacteria in your septic tank also causing the field to fail by changing the field conditions from aerobic to anaerobic.

Best Discharge Practices:

To preserve the functionality of your septic system and minimize environmental impact, it’s crucial to divert and discharge the backwash from water conditioners outside the septic system. Consider directing the discharge to a designated drainage area or consulting a professional for proper setup and compliance with local regulations.

By adopting responsible discharge practices for water conditioning systems, you ensure both the longevity of your equipment and contribute to environmental sustainability.

The Water System at  #79 – 55555 Range Road 555

The water for this home is a municipal trickle system, there is a water shut-off and meter near the property line and a cistern located beside the driveway. The tank and fill system are supplied with water from a municipal water main. The tank is in good repair, the pump is on a rope and appears to be working properly. No leaks were detected at the time of assessment. Many homeowners will have this tank cleaned every few years to ensure the water provided for the home is safe and sanitary.

Cistern: The cistern is in very good condition with no areas of corrosion or concrete degradation noted at the time of assessment.

Lid: The lid to the cistern is in good repair and was fitted properly at the time of assessment.

Pump: The pump for this system is located in the cistern. The pump pulled 17.3 Amps on start-up and 8 amps under load. This is within normal operating levels for cistern pumps of this type.

Electrical: The electrical is a direct connection and is located inside the cistern. There is no junction box and the pump is connected by the use of marrets and wrapped in tape. This is a common way of installation however we recommend the use of an electrical junction box for making any electrical connections.

Alarm: No alarm is installed in the cistern at the time of assessment. It is recommended that you have a cistern low-level alarm installed to ensure that you are aware of an issue with the system in advance. The Alberta Municipal Government has implemented changes to the code for new tanks that the manholes should be fitted with an internal fall arrest system to prevent individuals from falling into the tank should the lids fail. Although it is not a requirement for older systems this device is an easy installation and one we recommend to all our clients to ensure an increased level of safety.

The Cistern

     Here you can see the cistern manhole. The tank is full of water but if you look closely you can see some of the internal equipment. The cistern appears to be clean. The rope is nylon and is used to access the submersible pump if repairs need to be made. The black tape you can see at the edge of the photo is the electrical connection mentioned earlier.

For more information see the section on septic tanks or visit the Cobob Pumps & Services Website.

Water Pressure Systems

Water pressure systems are normally one of two options. The pressure tank and pressure switch and the constant pressure system. I will go over each below.

Conventional Pressure Tank and Pressure Switch

A conventional system makes use of a pressure tank and pressure switch. The pressure switch has a small diaphragm on the bottom that reacts to the pressure in the system. Most commonly installed in homes in Alberta is a 30 / 50 switch. This switch allows electricity to flow to the water pump when pressure falls below 30 psi (pounds per square inch) and cuts the power to the pump when the pressure reaches 50 psi. The small diaphragm on the bottom of the pressure switch pushes the contacts closed at 30 psi and allows them to open at 50 thereby regulating the pressure in the pressure tank. 

The pressure tank is what gives the pump a rest. Without a pressure tank every time you needed water the pump would have to come on and this would shorten the life of the water pump drastically. When the water well is drilled the driller will give the plumber or water technician one very important piece of information. The GPM or gallons per minute that the water well produces. This will determine the size of the pump that should be installed in the water well. If a 10 GPM water well pump were installed in a 5 GPM water well you could overpump the water well and run it dry. Normally we will see a 5 GPM water well pump installed in a 10 GPM water well. This will also determine how big the pressure tank needs to be to give the pump adequate rest time. It’s not good for a water well pump to run for too long or too short a time. Ideally we want to see the water well pump run for less than 7 minutes per cycle and not less than 1 minute. This will give the pump time to warm up and prolong the life of the water well pump. Keeping your water well pump in good condition is very important. The leading cause of needing a new water well is when the old water well pump cannot be removed from a well. A common situation is a water pressure tank fails then the pump has to pick up the slack. When the pump finally fails a service truck will have to be called to remove it. If they can’t get the old pump out you will oftentimes need a new water well.

Constant Pressure System

A constant pressure system is a more modern way of providing water pressure to a rural home. It gives the residents a more town-like feel to their water pressure. With a conventional water pressure system you can imagine that as the water cycles between 30 psi and 50 psi there is a fluctuation in the water pressure throughout the home. In a shower it can be felt as the pressure rises and falls. In a constant pressure system it speeds the pump up and slows the pump down as you need water. The water pump in a constant pressure system is designed to not require a conventional pressure tank and instead has a small expansion tank. This gives the homeowner a constant pressure of 50 or 60 psi instead of rising and falling.

The Water Pressure System at #79 – 55555 Range Road 555  

The pressure system for this home is a conventional water pressure tank and pressure switch. The tank is short cycling meaning that it is not running the pump for a minimum of 1 minute. This can cause your pump to fail prematurely. Inside the pressure tank is a bladder much like the inner tube of a tire, if no one ever services the pressure in the tank it will slowly leak out and need to be serviced to bring the pump run time back over 1 minute. No leaks were found at the time of assessment.

Pressure Tank: The pressure tank is steel constructed tank, and shows no signs of rust or pin holes. No leaks were detected at the time of assessment. The tank needs to be serviced or replaced as it is not running the pump for a minimum of one minute. This is called short cycling and can cause the pump to fail prematurely.

The Pressure Switch: The pressure switch is a square D 30/50 pressure switch that engages the pump at 30 PSI and turns it off at 50 PSI. The switch is performing as designed and no leaks were detected at the time of assessment.

Piping: The line coming in from the cistern is Poly series 160 or higher the home has copper piping leading from the pressure tank. The stainless steel clamps show no signs of rust or deterioration. No leaks were detected at the time of assessment.

Tank T: The tank-T is brass 1″, shows no signs of corrosion, and no leaks were detected at the time of assessment.

Gauge: The gauge is a standard water pressure gauge, shows no signs of excess deterioration, and it performed properly at the time of assessment.

Water Conditioning: No water conditioning equipment is installed at this home at the time of assessment

The Pressure Tank

This is a picture of the pressure tank. The tank is short cycling which can lead to the pump needing to be replaced earlier than if the pressure tank were cycling within normal ranges. On the floor you can see staining that may have indicated a leak, however, this can also be caused by condensation and may not have been a leak in the system.

For more information see the section on pressure systems or visit the Cobob Pumps & Services Website.

Thank you!

Thank you for choosing Cobob Pumps & Services to assess the septic & water systems for your new home. If you have any questions, please call the office at 780-963-3571

Disclaimer of Liability

Disclaimer of Liability: The assessment Report to be issued by Cobob Pumps & Services (2010) Ltd. shall be limited to the results of the assessment conducted pursuant to this Request and performed in accordance with the procedure disclosed herein and shall not constitute any guarantee, warranty or representation as to any future problems with the assessed septic system or water system/water well. Acceptable or Unacceptable Condition is based on the observable conditions, documented assessment procedures conducted, and experience within the septic/onsite water technology industry and represents the condition of the septic or onsite system on the day of assessment. It is further stated that Cobob Pumps & Services (2010) Inc. have not been retained to provide a warranty, guarantee, or certification of the components and functioning of the system for any time into the future, because of the numerous factors (usage, soil characteristics, or existence of previous failures, etc.) that may affect the proper operation of a septic system or water system/water well, as well as the inability of our company to supervise or monitor the use or maintenance of the system. The homeowner/purchaser / real estate agent or other contracting personnel further agrees that the liability of Cobob Pumps & Services (2010) Ltd., its agents, and employees, for all claims related to this assessment including, but not limited to, claims based on allegations of negligence, negligent misrepresentation, breach of contract and fraud shall be limited to the cost of the assessment.